Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology Vol.4 Issue.4



The Mediating Role of Emotion Regulation Difficulties in the Relationship Between Eating Attitudes and Depressive Symptoms

Yeme Tutumları ve Depresyon Belirtileri İlişkisinde Duygu Düzenleme Güçlüğünün Aracı Rolü


Pınar Cevizci1, Miray Akyunus2


Emerging adulthood, which coincides with the transition period between late adolescence and early adulthood, is a risky period in the development of psychopathologies due to its developmental characteristics. Emotion regulation difficulties are one of the psychological factors that play a role in the development and maintenance of co-occurring psychopathologies such as depression and eating disorders. The current study, which was conducted during the coronavirus pandemic, it was aimed to examine the mediating role of difficulty in emotion regulation in the relationship between risky eating attitudes and depressive symptoms in emerging adults. The research sample consists of 371 people, 227 women and 144 men, between the ages of 18-25. Beck Depression Inventory, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, and Eating Attitudes Test-Short Form were used for data collection. The data were collected online, during the coronavirus pandemic. The results of the simple mediation model test showed that the direct effect of eating attitudes on depression symptoms was not significant, but the indirect effect was. Accordingly, eating attitudes were not directly associated with depressive symptoms, but it leads an increase in depressive symptoms through increasing the emotion regulation difficulties. The effects of gender and body mass index, which were included in the mediation model to control the effect on depression symptoms, were not significant. Findings of the study indicated that risky eating attitudes in emerging adults lead to increase in emotion regulation difficulties, which in turn lead to increase in depressive symptoms. The findings and their clinical implications are discussed in the light of the relevant literature.

Keywords: Eating Attitudes, Depression, Emotion Regulation, Emerging Adulthood

* This study was produced from the first author’s master’s thesis.

1Clinical Psyc, Bude Psychotherapy Center, İstanbul-Turkey,, Orcid; 0000-0002-3968-6068

2Assist. Prof., Bahçeşehir University, Department of Psychology, İstanbul-Turkey,, Orcid; 0000-0002-8999-7075.

Address of Correspondence/Yazışma Adresi: Pınar Cevizci, Bude Psychotherapy Center, İstanbul-Turkey, E-mail:

Date of Received/Geliş Tarihi: 14.11.2021, Date of Revision/Düzeltme Tarihi: 24.04.2022, Date of Acceptance/Kabul Tarihi: 26.09.2022, Date of Online Publication/Çevirimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 06.12.2022

Citing/Referans Gösterimi: Cevizci, P. & Akyunus, M.  (2022). The Mediating Role of Emotion Regulation Difficulties in the Relationship Between Eating Attitudes and Depressive Symptoms, Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology, 4(4): 332-339

© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Cyprus Mental Health Institute / Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology ( This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.