Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology Vol.5 Issue.4

Doi:10.35365/ctjpp.23.4.01


RESEARCH ARTICLE / ARAŞTIRMA YAZISI


Moderated Mediation Models of Emotion Regulation and Gender in the Relationships between Personality Disorders and Reinforcement Sensitivity

Kişilik Bozuklukları ve Pekiştireç Duyarlılıkları Arasındaki İlişkilerde Duygu Düzenleme ve Cinsiyetin Düzenleyici Aracılık Modelleri

 

Yusuf Bilge1, Gülşah Balaban2

Abstract:

The differences between females and males in personality disorders and reinforcement sensitivity systems are stated in many studies. However, the underlying reasons for these differences are not clear, and also there are limited studies about the moderating role of gender via emotion regulation. In this respect, in this study it was aimed to examine the moderated mediation role of emotion regulation and gender in the relationships between reinforcement sensitivity systems and personality disorders. In the study, 427 (28.52±11.05) participants, 262 females (61.4%) and 165 males (38.6%) between the ages of 18-66 were included. Coolidge Axis II Inventory Plus Turkish-Short Form, Reinforcement Sensitivity Questionnaire and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation-Brief Form were used. Pearson Product Moments Correlation coefficient method, Fisher’s Z test, independent samples t-test and Model 59 in the “PROCESS Macro v.3.5” program was applied for statistical analysis. It was found that Personality Disorder (PD), Borderline PD, Histrionic PD, Narcissistic PD, Avoidant PD, Dependent PD, BIS, Flight, Freeze and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale scores were significantly higher in women; Antisocial PD scores were significantly higher in males. It was found that emotion regulation and gender have moderated mediation role in the models that include Schizoid PD, Dependent PD, Borderline PD, Antisocial PD, Obsessive Compulsive PD, Histrionic PD and Narcissistic PD. The findings show that men and women are affected in different ways from the difficulties in emotion regulation and reinforcement sensitivity systems in regards to personality disorders.

Keywords: emotion regulation, gender differences, moderated mediation, personality disorders, reinforcement sensitivity


1Assoc. Prof., Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, Department of Psychology, İstanbul-Türkiye, yusuf.bilge@izu.edu.tr, Orcid id:  0000-0003-2754-9119

2Assist. Prof., Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, Department of Psychology, İstanbul-Türkiye, sahquant@gmail.com, Orcid id: ‪0000-0002-2412-4249

Address of Correspondence/Yazışma Adresi: Yusuf Bilge, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, Department of Psychology, İstanbul-Türkiye, yusuf.bilge@izu.edu.tr

Date of Received/Geliş Tarihi: 25.03.2023, Date of Revision/Düzeltme Tarihi: 20.10.2023, Date of Acceptance/Kabul Tarihi: 21.11.2023, Date of Online Publication/Çevirimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 15.12.2023

Citing/Referans Gösterimi: Bilge, Y. & Balaban, G. (2023). Moderated mediation models of emotion regulation and gender in the relationships between personality disorders and reinforcement sensitivity. Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology, 5(4): 292-302


© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Cyprus Mental Health Institute / Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology (www.ktppdergisi.com). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/