Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology Vol.3 Issue.2

Doi:10.35365/ctjpp.21.2.09


RESEARCH ARTICLE / ARAŞTIRMA YAZISI


Body Image, Muscle Dysmorphia and Narcissistic Characteristics of Bodybuilder Males in TRNC

KKTC’de Vücut Geliştiren Erkeklerin Beden İmajı, Kas Dismorfisi ve Narsisistik Özellikleri

 

Bingül Subaşı Harmancı1, Zihniye Okray2


Abstract:

Bodybuilding is one of the sport activities that is identified with masculinity and includes several characteristics such as being muscular, having an enlarged physical appearance, and being strong and competent. The aim of this study is to examine muscle dysmorphic disorder, narcissistic personality traits and body image disorder in male bodybuilders. 63 body-builders and 65 sedentary male individuals participated in the study. In this research, personal information forms, MDI, NPI and BIS were employed. One of the findings obtained in this study is that the scores obtained by male bodybuilders from MDI in total and from BIS, AI and FI sub-dimensions show statistically significant differences from sedentary individuals (p<0.05). Another result of the study was that the scores obtained by the bodybuilders from the BIS significantly predicted the BIS, AI and FI scores in the MDI (p <0.05). Conclusions: The study findings indicate that, as the desire to become more muscular and stronger increases, the degree of positive perception of the body decreases, and there is a relationship between bodybuilders’ physical dissatisfaction and their physical appearance. As a result of this finding, it can be said that individuals who become bodybuilders turn to bodybuilding as a result of this dissatisfaction. In addition, it can be said that the body dissatisfaction of bodybuilders, is a factor that can be associated with MD development, and that they turn to bodybuilding so that they can have the body that they desire.

Keywords: Body-Building, Muscle Dysmorphia, Narcissistics Personality Traits, Body Image

 

1PhD., Near East University, Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of Psychology., Lefkoşa-Cyprus, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-3633-622X

2Assoc. Prof., European University of Lefke, Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of Psychology, Lefkoşa-Cyprus, Orcid İd: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-9117-4991

Address of Correspondence/Yazışma Adresi: Near East University, Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of Psychology, Lefkoşa-Cyprus. E-mail: bingul.subasi@neu.edu.tr

Date of Received/Geliş Tarihi: 11.03.2021, Date of Revision/Düzeltme Tarihi: 19.04.2021, Date of Acceptance/Kabul Tarihi: 26.04.2021, Date of Online Publication/Çevirimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 05.05.2021

Citing/Referans Gösterimi: Subaşı Harmancı, B., Okray, Z. (2021). Body Image, Muscle Dysmorphia and Narcissistic Characteristics of Bodybuilder Males in TRNC., Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology, 3(2): 82-90.


© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Cyprus Mental Health Institute / Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology (www.ktppdergisi.com). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/