Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology Vol.2 Issue.3

Doi:10.35365/ctjpp.20.03.22


RESEARCH ARTICLE / ARAŞTIRMA YAZISI


An Assessment of the Moderator Effect of Personality Traits on the Relationship between Body Image and Social Anxiety

Beden İmgesi İle Sosyal Anksiyete Arasındaki İlişkide Kişilik Özelliklerinin Biçimlendirici Etkisi

Cansu Güney1, Z. Deniz Aktan2, Eda Yardımcı3


Abstract:

The aim of this research is to examine the moderator effect of personal characteristics on the relationship between body image and social anxiety among adolescents in Istanbul. The study sample consisted of 300 participants aged between 15-18 years old. In psychological assessment process; Five Factor Personality Inventory, Body Image Scale and Social Anxiety Scale for Teenagers were applied. Collected data were analyzed by using “Pearson Correlation Analysis” and “Linear Hierarchical Regression”. Research results indicated that there was a significant correlation between body image and social anxiety (r= -. 138, p <.05). Another relationship was between the social anxiety levels of participants and subscales of personal characteristics as extroversion (r=-.298, p<.001), agreeableness (r=-.255, p<.001), neuroticism (r=-.348, p<.001), openness to experience (r=-.295, p<.001). When the moderator effects of the five factor personality inventory subscales on the relationship between body image and social anxiety analysed, results demonstrated that body image had a significant predictive effect on social anxiety (F(1, 298)=5.753, p<.05), however conscientiousness as a personality characteristic has the only significant moderator effect on this relationship (F(1,296)= 7.582, p<.05).

Key Words: Social Anxiety in Teenagers, Body İmage, Physique İmage, Personality, Body İmage in Teenagers.

 

1MSc., Department of Psychology, Işık University, Department of Psychology, Sarıyer/İstanbul /Turkey, Orcid İd: https://orcid.org/ 0000 0003 4164 1720

2 Phd., Department of Psychology, Işık University, Department of Psychology, Sarıyer/İstanbul /Turkey, Orcid İd: https://orcid.org/ 0000 0003 1757 2024

3MSc., Correspondent Author, Department of Psychology, Işık University, Department of Psychology, Sarıyer/İstanbul /Turkey, Orcid İd: https://orcid.org/ 0000 0002 0645 9563

Address of correspondence/Yazışma adresi: Correspondent Author, Department of Psychology, Işık University, Department of Psychology, Sarıyer/İstanbul /Turkey, E-mail: edayardimci@gmail.com

Date of Received/Geliş Tarihi: 26.08.2020, Date of Revision/Düzeltme Tarihi: 19.11.2020, Date of Acceptance/Kabul Tarihi: 22.11.2020, Date of Online Publication/Çevirimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 27.11.2020

Citing/ Referans Gösterimi: Güney, C., Aktan, D.Z., Yardımcı, E. (2020). An Assessment of the Moderator Effect of Personality Traits on the Relationship between Body Image and Social Anxiety, Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology, 2(3): 139-47.


© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Cyprus Mental Health Institute / Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology (www.ktppdergisi.com). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for comme rcial purposes. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/