Normal Grief and Unresolved Grief in Cancer Patient’s Relatives and Effective Approaches and Oncologists’ Coping Ways of Burnout

Kanser Hasta Yakınında Normal Yas Süreci, Çözümlenmeyen Yas ve Etkili Yaklaşımlar ile Onkologların Tükenmişlik Yönetimindeki Baş Etme Yöntemleri


Grief is a natural emotional process that arise after any kind of loss. This process can arise with an objective transition, such as the disappearance of a beloved item or a health threat. Cancer disease can trigger the grief process with many physical and emotional changes in the life of the person as soon as he hears it. This process can even develop similarly to the patient. The grief process can turn out of the “normal grief” process and turn into an “unresolved grief” process in so many situations. It is important to recognize the grieving process and to benefit from effective psychological approaches in order to manage the feelings and difficulties experienced in the grief process with health. One of the most important members of the treatment team is oncologists. It is important for oncologists to be aware of the possible burnout syndrome and to cope well in order to be productive and communicate well with patients’ relatives. The aim of this review is to explain the normal and unresolved mourning processes that cancer patients’ relatives can experience with the death of the patient and to inform them about effective approaches. The purpose of the review’s information on oncologists is to raise awareness about burnout syndrome, which may affect their professional performance, and to enable them to benefit from the effective techniques mentioned in the possible situation.

Keywords: Cancer, Cancer Patient Relatives, Normal Grief, Unresolved Grief, Cognitive Therapy, Grief Recovery Program, Expressive Supportive Approach, Unresolved Grief Therapy

1Uzm. Psk., Esra Savaş Eğitim ve Danışmanlık Merkezi, Florya-İstanbul, Orcid Id: 0000-0002-8178-6804
Address of correspondence/Yazışma adresi: Klinik Psikolog Dr & Psikoonkolog, Esra Savaş Eğitim ve Danışmanlık Merkezi.
Date of Received/Geliş Tarihi: 14.02.2020, Date of Revision/Düzeltme Tarihi: 15.03.2020, Date of Acceptance/Kabul Tarihi: 23.07.2020, Date of Online Publication/Çevirimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 27.07.2020
Citing/ Referans Gösterimi: Savaş, E. (2020). Kanser Hasta Yakınında Normal Yas Süreci, Çözümlenmeyen Yas ve Etkili Yaklaşımlar ile Onkologların Tükenmişlik Yönetimindeki Baş Etme Yöntemleri. Kıbrıs Türk Psikiyatri ve Psikoloji Dergisi, 2(2): 120-5 doi:10.35365/ctjpp.20.02.17

© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Cyprus Mental Health Institute / Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology ( This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.