RESEARCH ARTICLE / ARAŞTIRMA YAZISI


Testing The Projective Methodology On Obesity In Adolescence And Its Family Environment

Obez Ergen ve Ailesinin Projektif Testlerle Değerlendirmesi

Almudena SANAHUJA1 , Patrice CUYNET2 , Bengi DÜŞGÖR3 , Tevfika IKİZ4 ,Aslıhan ÖZFİDAN5 , Elif SEVER6 , İrem ATAK7, Özgün TAKTAKOĞLU8 ,Funda AKKAPULU9 , Erkan KALEM10


Abstract:
The aim of this study is to explore the psychic apparatus of obese adolescents within their families in two different cultures: Turkey and France. Participants are composed of a clinical group and a control group, each consists of obese adolescents between 12-18 years of age, with 10 girls and 10 boys, with their families. On the individual level, projective tests (Rorschach, TAT) are applied to the obese adolescents; on the family level, a semi-structured family interviews as well as “family projective tests” (projective geneography test, projective spatiography test) which allow obtaining a figuration referring to the unconscious structure of the family group are applied. The unconscious structure of the family group is assessed according to the test findings. Results showed a profile of dysfunction within the various family constellations: traumas transmitted through generations resulting in narcissistic weakness, sensitivity to separations and void, that voices the obesity symptom. It is noticed that the presence of past traumas that impact generational lineage weaken the inner group, regardless of the families’ country of origin. We present the results of this research through the presentation of two cases of obese teenagers and their families, one Turkish the other French, that are representative of the various families encountered. We show these two case studies by highlighting data from the Rorschach test and family projective tests, then we discuss the common and unique intercultural elements with the examples of these two families.

Keywords: Psychology, Obesity, Family Relations, Adolescence.

 

1 Professor, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, France, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-0518-3937
2 Professor, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, France, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-7572-0200
3 Assistant Professor, İstanbul University, Turkey, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-1793-796X
4 Professor, İstanbul University, Turkey, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 000-0002-8183-6832
5 Psychologist, İstanbul University, Turkey, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-7877-5645
6 Assistant Professor, İstanbul University, Turkey, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-9751-9487
7 Assistant Professor İstanbul University, Turkey, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-1155-8416
8 Research Assistant, İstanbul University, Turkey, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-6375-848X
9 Psychologist, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0001-5802-8346
10 Psychologist Dr., Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-8937-9226

Address of correspondence/Yazışma adresi: Özgün Taktaoğlu, Research Assistant, İstanbul University, Turkey, E-mail: ozguntaktakoglu@gmail.com.
Date of Received/Geliş Tarihi: 01.06.2020, Date of Revision/Düzeltme Tarihi: 10.06.2020, Date of Acceptance/Kabul Tarihi: 22.06.2020, Date of Online Publication/Çevirimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 27.07.2020
Citing/ Referans Gösterimi: Sanahuja, A. et al. (2020). Testing The Projective Methodology On Obesity In Adolescence And Its Family Environment. Kıbrıs Türk Psikiyatri ve Psikoloji Dergisi, 2(2): 89-96 doi:10.35365/ctjpp.20.02.13


© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Cyprus Mental Health Institute / Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology (www.ktppdergisi.com). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/