RESEARCH ARTICLE / ARAŞTIRMA YAZISI


Investigation of Empathy as a Moderator of the Relationship Between Social Identity and Helping Behavior in Young Adults

Genç Yetişkinlerde Sosyal Kimlik ve Yardım Etme Davranışı Arasındaki İlişkide Empatinin Düzenleyici Rolünün İncelenmesi

Elvan KİREMİTÇİ CANIOZ1, Hamit COŞKUN2


Abstract:
In this study, the effect of social identity on helping behavior and the moderator role of empathy on this effect were examined. Participants were university students who study in Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University. Social identity was manipulated by providing information about university student who was a Turkish, Syrian or Greek student. Participant’s empathy levels were measured by Basic Empathy Scale (BES). And also, helping behavior measured by the Help Text which was improved by researchers. In expressions were given to participants about a university student who needs help and then they were asked how much they would share with him if they had the amount the student needed. Findings indicated that helping behavior and empathy levels of participants were manipulated by social identity. Participants who are in Syrian student condition helped more and felt more empathy than other conditions. Also, we found that there is a moderator role of empathy on the effect of social identity on helping behavior. The results are consistent believing in same religion, social responsibility norms and Conservation of Resources Theory. There is suggested that new researchers can examine this research design in another identities and samples.

Key Words: Social İdentity, Empathy, Helping Behavior, Positive Psychology, Prosocial Behavior.

 

1Asst. Prof., Balikesir University, Department of Psychology, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-4733-4780
2Prof., Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of Psychology, Orcid Id: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0002-5509-8717.
Address of correspondence/Yazışma Adresi: Dr. Öğretim Üyesi Elvan Kiremitci Canioz. Balikesir University, Department of Psychology, Turkey. E.mail: kiremitci.elvan@gmail.com
Date of Received/Geliş Tarihi: 16.03.2020, Date of Revision/Düzeltme Tarihi: 11.05.2020, Date of Acceptance/Kabul Tarihi: 16.05.2020, Date of Online Publication/Çevirimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 27.07.2020
Citing/ Referans Gösterimi: Kiremitçi Canıoz, E. ve Çoşkun, H. (2020). Investigation of Empathy as a Moderator of the
Relationship Between Social Identity and Helping Behavior in Young Adults. Kıbrıs Türk Psikiyatri ve Psikoloji Dergisi,
2(2): 75-81 doi:10.35365/ctjpp.20.02.11


© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Cyprus Mental Health Institute / Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology (www.ktppdergisi.com). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/