Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology Vol.3 Issue 3



The New Disease of the Modern Age: What Is the Fear of  Missing Out “FOMO”? A Review

Modern Çağın Yeni Hastalığı: Gelişmeleri Kaçırma Korkusu “FOMO” Nedir? Bir Gözden Geçirme


Ali Erdoğan1, Yavuz Yılmaz2, Çiçek Hocaoğlu3


Social networks have become a very important part of human life in recent years. This situation has led to new definitions such as the Fear of Missing Out (FOMO). FOMO can be defined as the concern that others can have a good experience when the person is absent and therefore the person wants to stay on social networks constantly to avoid missing anything. It is especially common in young people. Problematic internet use, psychosocial factors, social network use and anxiety are blamed in its etiology. Family conflicts, loneliness, depression, and low self-efficacy can be said as risk factors. People constantly want to spend time on social networks, daily life activities are blocked and the person’s productivity decreases. It has no place in diagnostic classifications. For FOMO, the fear of missing out scale developed by Przybylski can be used. It is reported that FOMO has a significant positive relationship with nomophobia. There is no specific treatment method. There is a need for extensive research on FOMO.

Keywords: Fear of Missing Out, FOMO, Nomophobia, Smartphone, Internet

1 Assist. Prof., University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Antalya-Turkey, .Orcid İd:

2 MD., Gümüşhane State Hospital, Gümüşhane-Turkey, Orcid İd:

3Prof. Dr., Recep Tayyip Erdogan University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Rize-Turkey, Orcid İd:

Date of Received/Geliş Tarihi: 23.02.2021, Date of Revision/Düzeltme Tarihi: 01.04.2021, Date of Acceptance/Kabul Tarihi: 04.08.2021, Date of Online Publication/Çevirimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 01.09.2021

Citing/Referans Gösterimi: Erdoğan, A., Yılmaz, Y., Hocaoğlu, Ç. (2021). The New Disease of the Modern Age: What is the Fear of Missing Out “FOMO”? A review, Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology, 3(3): 217-222.

© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Cyprus Mental Health Institute / Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology ( This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.