Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology Vol.3 Issue.2



A Meta-Analysis Study on Gender Differences in Psychological Resilience Levels

Psikolojik Dayanıklılık Düzeylerinde Cinsiyet Farklılıkları Üzerine Bir Meta Analiz Çalışması

Ayşe Gök1, Esin Yılmaz Koğar2


The general purpose of the study is to provide a quantitative summary of the findings of studies that address the psychological resilience levels of individuals in terms of gender differences. This study includes a review of the relevant literature, the stages of meta-analysis research, analysis findings got from the included studies, discussions on the results of the findings, and finally recommendations for future psychological resilience research. Because of the literature review, 30 thesis and article-type researches were selected for meta-analysis under the inclusion criteria of the study. The effect size was calculated for each study using the non-standardized mean difference method. It was concluded that there was no publication bias in the studies selected according to the funnel plot and Egger test findings. As a result of the analysis made according to the random effects model, it was determined that the effect size for gender has a significant effect on the psychological resilience level of the individuals, and the results are in favor of men. Because of the heterogeneity test, a moderate level of heterogeneity was found between studies. Reasons for this heterogeneity were the type of publication, the study group, the way the data were collected, and the total number of participants. It was found that only the study group variable among these variables can lead to heterogeneity.

Keywords: Psychological Resilience, Gender Differences, Random Effects Model, Meta-Analysis

1 Research Assistant., Department of Psychological Counselling and Guidance, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde-Turkey, Orcid İd: 0000-0002-7544-5800

2 Assistant Prof. Dr., Department of Educational Sciences, Department of Niğde-Turkey, Orcid İd: 0000-0001-6755-9018

Address of Correspondence/Yazışma Adresi: Department of Psychological Counselling and Guidance, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde-Turkey., E-mail:

Date of Received/Geliş Tarihi: 13.04.2021, Date of Revision/Düzeltme Tarihi: 06.05.2021, Date of Acceptance/Kabul Tarihi: 10.05.2021, Date of Online Publication/Çevirimiçi Yayın Tarihi: 01.06.2021

Citing/Referans Gösterimi: Koğar Yılmaz, E., Gök, A. (2021). A Meta-Analysis Study on Gender Differences in Psychological Resilience Levels., Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology, 3(2): 132-143.

© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Cyprus Mental Health Institute / Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry and Psychology ( This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.